REČNIK

[fusion_builder_container hundred_percent=”no” hundred_percent_height=”no” hundred_percent_height_scroll=”no” hundred_percent_height_center_content=”yes” equal_height_columns=”no” menu_anchor=”” hide_on_mobile=”small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility” class=”” id=”” background_color=”#f9f9f9″ background_image=”” background_position=”center center” background_repeat=”no-repeat” fade=”no” background_parallax=”none” enable_mobile=”no” parallax_speed=”0.3″ video_mp4=”” video_webm=”” video_ogv=”” video_url=”” video_aspect_ratio=”16:9″ video_loop=”yes” video_mute=”yes” video_preview_image=”” border_size=”” border_color=”” border_style=”solid” margin_top=”” margin_bottom=”” padding_top=”” padding_right=”” padding_bottom=”” padding_left=””][fusion_builder_row][fusion_builder_column type=”1_1″ layout=”1_1″ spacing=”” center_content=”no” link=”” target=”_self” min_height=”” hide_on_mobile=”small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility” class=”” id=”” background_color=”” background_image=”” background_position=”left top” background_repeat=”no-repeat” hover_type=”none” border_size=”0″ border_color=”” border_style=”solid” border_position=”all” padding_top=”” padding_right=”” padding_bottom=”” padding_left=”” margin_top=”” margin_bottom=”” animation_type=”” animation_direction=”left” animation_speed=”0.3″ animation_offset=”” last=”no”][fusion_separator style_type=”none” hide_on_mobile=”small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility” class=”” id=”” sep_color=”” top_margin=”” bottom_margin=”” border_size=”” icon=”” icon_circle=”” icon_circle_color=”” width=”” alignment=”center” /][/fusion_builder_column][/fusion_builder_row][/fusion_builder_container][fusion_builder_container hundred_percent=”no” hundred_percent_height=”no” hundred_percent_height_scroll=”no” hundred_percent_height_center_content=”yes” equal_height_columns=”no” menu_anchor=”” hide_on_mobile=”small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility” class=”” id=”” background_color=”#f9f9f9″ background_image=”” background_position=”center center” background_repeat=”no-repeat” fade=”no” background_parallax=”none” enable_mobile=”no” parallax_speed=”0.3″ video_mp4=”” video_webm=”” video_ogv=”” video_url=”” video_aspect_ratio=”16:9″ video_loop=”yes” video_mute=”yes” video_preview_image=”” border_size=”” border_color=”” border_style=”solid” margin_top=”” margin_bottom=”” padding_top=”” padding_right=”” padding_bottom=”150px” padding_left=””][fusion_builder_row][fusion_builder_column type=”1_4″ layout=”1_4″ spacing=”” center_content=”no” link=”” target=”_self” min_height=”” hide_on_mobile=”small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility” class=”” id=”” background_color=”” background_image=”” background_position=”left top” undefined=”” background_repeat=”no-repeat” hover_type=”none” border_size=”0″ border_color=”” border_style=”solid” border_position=”all” padding_top=”50px” padding_right=”” padding_bottom=”” padding_left=”” margin_top=”” margin_bottom=”” animation_type=”” animation_direction=”left” animation_speed=”0.3″ animation_offset=”” last=”no”][fusion_text]

A

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Povećana koncentracija ugljen-dioksida u okeanima koja dovodi do povećanja kiselosti (tj. smanjenja okeanske ph vrednosti). To deluje štetno na životinje koje imaju oklope od kalcijum-karbonata pošto se oni razgrađuju u ovakvoj vodi.

[/fusion_toggle][fusion_toggle title=”Adaptacija” open=”no”]

Prilagođavanje na nove klimatske uslove preduzimanjem koraka koji bi trebalo da smanje efekte negativnih posledica i pomognu da se iskoriste potencijalne pozitivne prilike koje će novi uslovi pružiti.

[/fusion_toggle][fusion_toggle title=”Adaptivni kapacitet ” open=”no”]

Sposobnost sistema da preduzme korake u cilju prilagođavanja na klimatske promene.

[/fusion_toggle][fusion_toggle title=”Aerosoli” open=”no”]

Čvrste čestice ili male tečne kapi nastale iz dima, prašine, letećeg pepela i kondenzovanih gasovitih supstanci koje mogu da se nađu u atmosferi. One mogu upijati toplotu i doprinositi zagrevanju, ili reflektovati sunčevu svetlost nazad u svemir i hladiti planetu.

[/fusion_toggle][fusion_toggle title=”Antropogeno” open=”no”]

Nešto što je nastalo ljudskom aktivnošću.

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B

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Goriva koja spadaju u biomasu, ili su nastala preradom biomase. Ova goriva spadaju u obnovljive izvore energije.

[/fusion_toggle][fusion_toggle title=”Biomasa” open=”no”]

Živa ili donedavno živa materija, biljnog ili životinjskog porekla, koja se može koristiti kao gorivo ili za industrijsku proizvodnju. Na primer: drvo, ostaci i otpaci od poljoprivrede, životinjski otpad itd.

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G

[/fusion_text][fusion_accordion type=”” boxed_mode=”” border_size=”1″ border_color=”” background_color=”” hover_color=”” divider_line=”” icon_size=”” icon_color=”” icon_boxed_mode=”” icon_alignment=”” hide_on_mobile=”small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility” class=”” id=””][fusion_toggle title=”Geotermalna energija ” open=”no”]

Geotermalna energija podrazumeva toplotnu energiju koja se nalazi u unutrašnjosti Zemlje. Kada govorimo o geotermalnoj energiji kao obnovljivom izvoru, misli se na hidrotermalnu energiju, odnosno korišćenje izvora tople vode za proizvodnju struje.

[/fusion_toggle][fusion_toggle title=”Glečer (lednik) ” open=”no”]

Pokretna ledena masa (ledena reka) koja nastaje na mestima na kojima sneg ne uspeva da se otopi, već se godinama taloži. Veliki broj glečera u Evropi i Južnoj Americi iskusio je znatno topljenje zbog povećanja temperature.

[/fusion_toggle][fusion_toggle title=”Globalno zagrevanje ” open=”no”]

Zabeleženo povećanje globalne prosečne temperature u odnosu na pre-industrijski period.

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D

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Gubljenje šume, tj procesi koji dovode do toga da šumsko zemljište postane npr. građevinsko ili poljoprivredno. Ovaj process doprinosi klimatskim promenama zato što nestaje drveće koje uzima ugljen-dioksid iz atmosfere.

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Đ

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Poboljšan rast biljaka zbog veće koncentracije ugljen-dioksida u atmosferi.

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E

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Proces koji se dešava zbog promena u klimi i koji pojačava ili ublažava posledice klimatskih promena.

[/fusion_toggle][fusion_toggle title=”El Ninjo (El Niño) ” open=”no”]

Globalni atmosfersko-okeanski fenomen koji nastaje usled promena pravaca vetrova i temperature vode u tropskom delu Tihog okeana. El Ninjo se degađa u nepravilim razmacima od 2 do 7 godina i utiče na globalnu klimu izazivajući razne posledice poput snažnijih oluja u nekim regionima ili suša u drugim.

[/fusion_toggle][fusion_toggle title=”Emisije ” open=”no”]

Ispuštanje supstanci (najčešće gasova kada se govori o klimatskim promenama) u atmosferu.

[/fusion_toggle][fusion_toggle title=”Energetska efikasnost ” open=”no”]

Korišćenje manje energije kako bi se proizvelo neko dobro ili pružila usluga.

[/fusion_toggle][fusion_toggle title=”Evapotranspiracija” open=”no”]

Kombinovani proces isparavanja vode sa Zemljine površine (evaporacija) i transpiracije, tj. odavanja vode u vidu vodene pare sa površine biljaka, naročito listova.

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I

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Period naglog industrijskog razvoja u drugoj polovini 18. veka započet u Engleskoj kada su parne mašine u velikoj meri počele da zamenjuju ručni rad. Ovaj period obeležava početak masovne upotrebe fosilnih goriva.

[/fusion_toggle][fusion_toggle title=”IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) ” open=”no”]

Međuvladin panel za klimatske promene osnovan od strane Ujedinjenih nacija i  Svetske meteorološke organizacije. Svrha panela jeste da obrađuje relevantne naučne i statističke podatke vezane za klimatske promene i informiše javnost.

[/fusion_toggle][fusion_toggle title=”Izbeljivanje korala ” open=”no”]

Proces koji se događa kada korali izgube alge koje žive u njihovom tkivu. Ove alge obezbeđuju koralima hranljive materije i odgovorne su za njihovu boju. Poremećaji poput porasta temperature vode uzrokuju odlazak algi, što dovodi do toga da korali postanu beli i naposletku umru.

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K

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Služe nam kako bismo predvideli buduće ponašanje klime, a čini ih veliki broj kalkulacija koje obavljaju kompjuteri kako bi simulirali interakciju važnih pokretača klime poput energije dobijene od Sunca, atmosfere, okeana, leda itd.

[/fusion_toggle][fusion_toggle title=”Koncentracija gasova staklene bašte” open=”no”]

Odnos količine ovih gasova u odnosu na ostale činioce atmosphere, izražava se u jedinici ppm (parts per million).

[/fusion_toggle][fusion_toggle title=”Kriosfera” open=”no”]

Ledeni omotač Zemlje, obuhvata sneg, morski led, lednike, zamrznuto zemljište i jezera.

[/fusion_toggle][fusion_toggle title=”Kruženje ugljenika (ugljenični ciklus ) ” open=”no”]

Ugljenik, poput vode, kruži u prirodi. Npr, biljke iz vazduha uklanjaju ugljenik procesom fotosinteze, on se skladišti u stablima, da bi  se potom po umiranju biljke i njenom raspadanju ponovo oslobodio u atmosferu.

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M

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Delovanje u cilju smanjivanja ljudskog uticaja na klimatski sistem poput akcija u cilju smanjivanja emisija gasova staklene bašte.

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O

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Izvori energije koji su dostupni u prirodi i samostalno se obnavljaju. U njih spadaju, solarna energija, energija vetra, vode, geotermalna energija i energija dobijena iz biomase.

[/fusion_toggle][fusion_toggle title=”Ozonski omotač ” open=”no”]

Omotač koji štiti Zemlju od štetnog ultraljubišastog zračenja.

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P

[/fusion_text][fusion_accordion type=”” boxed_mode=”” border_size=”1″ border_color=”” background_color=”” hover_color=”” divider_line=”” icon_size=”” icon_color=”” icon_boxed_mode=”” icon_alignment=”” hide_on_mobile=”small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility” class=”” id=””][fusion_toggle title=”Permafrost ” open=”no”]

Zemljište zamrznuto duže od dve godine.

[/fusion_toggle][fusion_toggle title=”PPM (Parts Per Million) ” open=”no”]

Jedinica za merenje koncentracije, označava milioniti deo jedne celine. Npr. ako kažemo da je koncentracija CO2 u atmosferi 407ppm to znači da na milion česitca vazduha ima 407 čestica CO2.

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R

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Mogućnost neke površine da odbije sunčevu svetlost.

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S

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U kontekstu klimatskih promena scenariji podrazumevaju opise budućnosti koji su zasnovani na određenim pretpostavkama vezanim za glavne faktore koji utiču na klimatske promene.

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T

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Povećanje površine vode do koga dolazi zbog povećane temperature. Zagrevanje okeana dovodi do povećanja njegove površine i to doprinosi porastu nivoa mora.

[/fusion_toggle][fusion_toggle title=”Toplotni talas ” open=”no”]

Duži period neuobičajeno toplog vremena, najmanje pet dana.

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U

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Ukupna količina gasova staklene bašte koju na godišnjem nivou emituju osoba, porodica, zgrada ili kompanija. Ovaj termin se koristi kada želimo da izmerimo nečiji doprinos klimatskim promenama.

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Fenomen više temperature vazduha u gradovima u odnosu na okolinu. Kako se urbane sredine razvijaju, zgrade i ulice zamenjuju otvoreno zemljište i vegetaciju i u stanju su da upiju veću količinu toplote što povećava temperaturu.

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F

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Goriva formirana prirodnim procesima, kao što je anaerobna dekompozicija pokopanih mrtvih organizama, koja sadrži energiju koja potiče iz drevne fotosinteze. Fosilna goriva imaju visok sadržaj ugljenika i javljaju se u vidu nafte, uglja, i prirodnog gasa.

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